From prosperity to poverty could describe the Republic of Moldova. Until its independence in the early 1990s, Moldova was one of the smallest but most prosperous Soviet republics. Today, this republic often is referred to as "poorhouse of Europe". Currently, about 60% of the population live below the poverty line.
In addition, the economic situation has deteriorated drastically due to the unresolved conflict with Transnistria, a territory east of the river Dniester, which broke away from Moldova in 1992. Currently, it seems that Transnistria’s leadership has managed to establish its own government and military structures. The Moldovan government has no control over Transnistria – the conflict is a frozen one and remains unresolved.
Since the Republic of Moldova is not an industrial nation, agriculture, mainly fruit and wine, supplies the lion’s share of the gross domestic product.
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