In Moldova, pupils belonging to minorities can be taught in their native language at school. Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%.

There are more than fifty vocational and technical schools as well as ten universities in Moldova. The most unique of them probably being the 150-year-old College of Wine Culture, where about three hundred students from all over Eastern Europe graduate each year. The Republic of Moldova is among the 10 largest wine-producing countries in the world.

According to a very old legend, the mythological poet Orpheus was killed and buried in the niche of a cascade in the small Moldovan town Zypowo.

The Russian-American film director, screenwriter and producer of Jewish ancestry, Lewis Milestone (Lev Milstein, 1895-1980), was born in Moldavia. He went to the U.S. just before the outbreak of WW I and is also known for directing films such as ‘Mutiny on the Bounty’, ‘Ocean’s Eleven’ and ‘Of Mice and Men’.


From prosperity to poverty could describe the Republic of Moldova. Until its independence in the early 1990s, Moldova was one of the smallest but most prosperous Soviet republics. Today, this republic often is referred to as "poorhouse of Europe". Currently, about 60% of the population live below the poverty line.
Moldova School children from Ribnita, Moldova, who are part of the KomenskýFond project

In addition, the economic situation has deteriorated drastically due to the unresolved conflict with Transnistria, a territory east of the river Dniester, which broke away from Moldova in 1992. Currently, it seems that Transnistria’s leadership has managed to establish its own government and military structures. The Moldovan government has no control over Transnistria – the conflict is a frozen one and remains unresolved.

Since the Republic of Moldova is not an industrial nation, agriculture, mainly fruit and wine, supplies the lion’s share of the gross domestic product.


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