“Independence wasn’t automatically followed by a change of mentality. How did Kafka put it? Small cultures are deeply divided cultures.”

Beqë Cufaj, Kosovan author

The Kosovan flag shows the geographical shape of Kosovo in a golden colour on a dark blue background. The six white stars each represent one of the major ethnic groups of Kosovo: Albanians, Serbs, Turks, Gorani, Roma and Bosniaks. In order not to offend any of these minorities in its country, Kosovo decided not to use lyrics in ‘Europe’, its national anthem.

Of its almost 2 Million citizens more than a quarter uses mobile phones – via Monaco’s mobile phone network!

Driving in traffic is considered to be more dangerous than the country’s unexploded war ordnance.

Kosovo uses the Euro as official currency even though it is not part of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union.


Nestled in the centre of South Eastern Europe, Kosovo is a fairly young country, only independent since 2008, and also young regarding its population: Over half of the population is younger than 25.
Kosovo A member of the ERSTE Foundation Community in Kosovo: Majlinda Aliu, winner of the Balkan Fellowship for Journalistic Excellence 2010

Unemployment is a big problem in Kosovo. Youth unemployment is 60%, overall unemployment 50%. Its large extended families, with several generations living under one roof, characterise Kosovo. The family is everything and households are still predominantly patriarchal.

After the Kosovo War and the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, the territory came under the interim administration of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), most of whose roles were assumed by the European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo (EULEX) in December 2008. In February 2008, the country declared independence, which has been recognised by 75 countries so far.


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