Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is blessed with a remarkable landscape, sites worth seeing and even a 20km long coastline. Cultural variations in Bosnia and Herzegovina are negligible, but the cultural identity is extremely divisive.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Members of the ERSTE Foundation Community in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Emina and Marko, students of the United World College Mostar

Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of two largely autonomous constituent entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, which both administer the special third, self-governing Brčko District. Both regions are culturally like two peas in a pod.

Before the recent civil war, many areas of the country had mixed populations. Now, the population has become much more homogeneous, the three main groups being Bosniaks (54%), Serbs (32.5%) and Croats (11.5%). During the war, half of Bosnia emigrated. The country suffered severely and was traumatised by presumably the biggest losses in the recent Balkan wars. But EU visa liberalisation since the end of 2010 also meant the beginning of a new era for the country. Slowly, the younger generations are returning to their home country, but a lot of catching up still has to be done regarding BiH’s youth.


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