Balkanology in Podgorica
New Architecture and Urban Phenomena in South Eastern Europe
Exhibition, 26 May – 9 June 2011
Opening: 26 May, 8 pm
Paviljon Udruzenje Likovnih Umjetnika Crne Gore (ULUCG)
ul. Marka Miljanova br. 2, 8100 Podgorica, Montenegro
In the western Balkans, the collapse of the socialist regimes in Yugoslavia and Albania has given rise to an extensive informal building activity that represents a new form of urbanisation. The question is: how far do such urban transformations indicate patterns of future development for European cities in general? The exhibition uses examples from projects in Belgrade, Zagreb, Kotor, Prishtina, Bucharest, Sofia, Pula and Tirana to illustrate the way architects, artists, urbanists and activists are dealing with these rapid new transformation processes. The outstanding yet hardly known buildings of socialist modernism in Yugoslavia are compared and contrasted with contemporary architecture.
The situation in South Eastern Europe is prototypical for urban development in transitional and post-conflict situations, from Prishtina to Belgrade, where weak or missing institutional structures make it impossible to achieve the regulation of construction processes. The wild, volatile spread of informal building structures is the aftermath of the kind of urban crisis that follows social upheavals or wars. At the same time, independently of regional particularities, these urban developments display a new kind of urban form that is quite different from informal settlements in countries outside Europe. Their specific forms result from a new intermeshing of spaces through visual worlds communicated by the media, migratory movements and cash flows.
Balkanology brings together leading architects and urban planners from South Eastern Europe and shows their approaches to these fundamental urban transformations. The exhibition will show the cultural, social and political dimensions of the urban phenomena of the region. The key question here is to what extent unregulated, informal urbanism develops new typologies and urban forms, and how these forms could also emerge under the banner of neo-liberal de-urbanisation in the rest of Europe.
The exhibition presents research projects and concrete interventions, architectural analyses and planning strategies. Balkanology deliberately avoids trying to achieve a picture of urban development that would be valid for the whole region. Instead, it uses selected examples from different locations to highlight specific local influences on architecture and urban construction, thus critically examining the potentialities for a re-qualification in urban planning.
The exhibition has been realised by SAM Swiss Architecture Museum – Basel in collaboration with Az W Architekturzentrum Wien.
Curator: Kai Vöckler
Supported by ERSTE Foundation